By voltage rating
According to the voltage level, it can be divided into medium and low voltage power cables (35 kV and below), high voltage cables (110 kV or more), ultra high voltage cables (275 to 800 kV) and UHV cables (1000 kV and above). In addition, it can be divided into AC cable and DC cable according to current.
According to insulation material
1. Oil-impregnated paper insulated power cable with oil-impregnated paper as insulation power cable. Its application history is long. It is safe and reliable, has a long service life and is inexpensive. The main disadvantage is that the laying is limited by the drop. Since the development of non-drip paper insulation, the problem of drop limitation has been solved, and oil-impregnated paper insulated cables have continued to be widely used.
2. Plastic insulated power cable The insulation layer is a power cable for extruding plastic. Commonly used plastics are polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene, and crosslinked polyethylene. The plastic cable has a simple structure, convenient manufacturing and processing, light weight, convenient laying and installation, and is not limited by the installation drop. Therefore, it is widely used as a medium and low voltage cable, and has a tendency to replace the viscous impregnated oil-paper cable. Its major drawback is the presence of dendrite breakdown, which limits its use at higher voltages.
3. Rubber insulated power cable The insulation layer is made of rubber and various compounding agents. After thorough mixing, it is extruded on the conductive core and heated and vulcanized. It is soft and flexible, suitable for occasions with frequent movement and small bending radius.
Commonly used as insulating rubber compound is natural rubber-styrene-butadiene rubber mixture, ethylene-propylene rubber, butyl rubber and the like.
By voltage rating
1. Low-voltage cable: It is suitable for fixed power transmission on power transmission and distribution lines with AC 50Hz and rated voltage of 3kv and below.
2, medium and low voltage cable: (generally refers to 35KV and below): PVC insulated cable, polyethylene insulated cable, XLPE insulated cable.
3, high-voltage cable: (generally 110KV and above): polyethylene cable and cross-linked polyethylene insulated cable.
4, ultra high voltage cable: (275 ~ 800 kV).
5.UHV cable: (1000 kV and above).
Conclusion: The classification of power cables is diverse and must be judged according to different classification criteria.